As I sit here writing, we are just a few days from “Streetcar Safety Day” and it will be a few more until you read this article. So you may feel it is a bit risky for me to cast my voice ahead and claim that this is yet another chapter in my pledge to write a streetcar history article each month until the much anticipated and long delayed opening of the First Hill Streetcar.
Well, is that man above in 1913 worried about driving his horses into the back of the number 49 bus? No, he is staring back at you, right through a rip in the fabric of space-time, right into your soul, and the horses have ceased to exist to him. And so it is with me. I will blindly whip this wagon right into the back of a pastel, cherry-blossom adorned streetcar in the public interest of a shared understanding of our streetcar past.
If you’re new to this, bookmark these pages and catch up later.
Almost nine years ago I returned from Seattle on business and mused about the simmering plans for a streetcar on Broadway. To read about it you’ll have to visit my old website which is hated by Google and gets almost no traffic. Probably not worth it.
Three and a half years ago, just a few weeks after the First Hill Streetcar ground breaking and right here on CHS, I wrote the early history of Broadway’s very first streetcar. Service started in 1891. My article was all over the place. I managed to work in a cameo by Booker T. Washington and ripped the origin story of Beacon Hill to shreds. (I later lit those shreds on fire on my own website.)
A few months later on CHS, I wrote the only history of Seattle’s 1906 attempt to create a municipal streetcar system as background to the history of service on Summit and Belmont (now the 47).
This is incredibly topical. Midway through last year, I wrote a history of streetcar service to Roanoke Park on my own website. If you went and read that story you just spoiled most of the rest of this article so I hope you’re lazy and didn’t. :(
Here we go. Back in October I was fed up. At about 9th and Cherry, gasping for breath after trying to run up First Hill yet again out of sheer boredom, I thought, how much longer will I have to struggle up this gall dang, cursed hill — this profane hill — let’s call it Profanity Hill — from work each day instead of taking the streetcar that I was promised? I mean, we were promised hover boards and flying DeLoreans, but I thought we settled for that streetcar? So I challenged SDOT and Sound Transit to a duel. If they put in effort and opened the line quickly, I would put in no effort and not write about streetcar history. But, if they put in no effort and took a long time to open the line, then I would put in tremendous effort and write a streetcar history article every month on CHS.
I did the first one intending to focus on two streetcars on Broadway but accidentally wrote about the Booth Building quite a bit. Do you know how difficult it is, though, to see a streetcar in an old photo and figure out exactly where it was going? There are very few resources to tell you what exact streets the lines plied in any particular year. The ratio of minutes researched to words written was something like 5:1.
The transit agencies said nothing about timing for when the line might open in October. Well played. So in November I was forced to write again. A Capitol Hill streetcar at 15th and Mercer was my subject. This time I really researched streetcars, but I took it too literally and spent a bunch of time browsing the online listings for the St. Louis Car Company at the Washington University archives and emailing them to hopefully someday (hello can I get a reply?) get assembly line photos of that exact streetcar. Also I obsessed over whether the photo was actually 1913 and found the block on a bunch of old maps. I keep forgetting that I’m writing about streetcar lines.
You might think that Sound Transit or SDOT would have taken an interest in my writing by this point. You’d be wrong. Instead, they tried to shut me up by getting ready to open the streetcar line. So I’m getting this one last article out as quickly as I can.
Streetcar Service at Eastlake and Harvard
That’s our topic. The lead photo shows a streetcar turning from Eastlake Avenue North (now Eastlake Avenue East) to head up Harvard Avenue North or East or whatever is accurate in the time frame you’re discussing.
As you may have already read, but probably didn’t bother, the Broadway streetcar opened in 1891 as part of the Union Trunk Line company’s 5-line system, heading from James Street to Lynn Street. After acquisition by Seattle Electric Company in 1899 It was converted from narrow gauge to standard gauge. It was rerouted down Pike Street in 1903, no longer connecting with the James cable at the James Street Powerhouse. Some of us remember the occasional number 7 (now 49) bus with an “Aloha” destination placard, and that shortened terminus may have brought back memories to 90-year-old riders back in the 1980s.
They would need to be that old because it didn’t take long for SEC to extend service. In 1905 the Seattle Electric Company built tracks on newly-graded Harvard Avenue from Roanoke down to Eastlake. This gave Broadway direct service to the new campus of the University of Washington, part of SEC’s massive political gambit to convince voters not to create a municipal streetcar system. (Spoiler: it worked.) Today the 49 makes the trip over the ship canal on the University Bridge. Back then it wasn’t a ship canal (the locks were built a decade later) and the tracks were added to the bridge to Brooklyn, no-joke called the Brooklyn Bridge, which was a bit further west.
Look here is a map from Wikipedia, to prove I am not trying to sell you something.
This happy arrangement lasted about 35 years. Streetcar service ended in 1940, replaced with trolley buses. On May 12 the streetcar was cut back to the south end of the University Bridge, with passengers transferring to motor buses running on Eastlake.
September 1, 1940 was the last day that streetcars carried passengers on Broadway and down Harvard Avenue. On Streetcar Safety Day it will have been 27,487 days.
They were replaced by motor coaches for almost a month while new trolley bus wire was hung. On September 29, 1940 trolley buses began running on the #15 Broadway route.